The Hart Family of Nova Scotia

Polli Jost Turner, Editor

This information is largely taken from a chart, The Hart Family of Canada, compiled [in the 1950’s?] by Vernon C. P. Gaunt. It has come to my attention that this chart is inaccurate in many ways. Leland Harvie, director of the Nova Scotia Genealogical Network Assn., also a Hart descendant, is soon to publish his book on the Hart family, which undoubtedly will correct many previous misconceptions. His site can be found here.

The following is from the chart:

"The greatest emigration England had known began when the first contingent of the Winthrop fleet of 11 vessels, brought together at Southampton, sailed on March 29, 1630. During the course of that year 17 vessels carrying 1,000 passengers left for New England. Thus began the great Puritan migration which, within ten years, was to bring more than 20,000 colonists to America. Between 1630 and 1641, 65 ministers destined to furnish the principal leadership of the colony arrived from England. They were all of them university trained; two-thirds of them from Cambridge University, England. Massachusetts intolerance was the reason for the formation of other New England colonies, making many brave anew the hardships of forming new settlement in the wilderness. Thus, Connecticut colony was the direct result of rebellion in Massachusetts, some being expelled therefrom and some leaving of their own accord. This began in 1635 and it became a veritable exodus the following year, following reports of the broad, rich level meadows along the Connecticut River. Rev. Thomas Hooker, the most eloquent of the Bay clergy found many things displeasing in the Massachusetts system.

"The Connecticut founders maintained the established practice of keeping the best and wisest people in control. General colonial affairs were in the hands of ‘freemen,’ persons chosen to ‘freemanship’ by the General Court; these never constituted more than one-third of the adult males. In contrast only 1708 out of 15,000 were citizens of the Massachusetts Bay Colony."

The above reflects the prevalent and unfortunate secular attitude toward the Puritans. They were extremely conservative in attitudes and practices, but also very reliant on the Lord and His leading in their lives, and His blessing was upon their colonies because of that reliance. Those who found that reliance restrictive did leave. And those who rebelled consistently, and would not repent of their rebellion when confronted, were asked to leave. Thomas Hooker did not leave in rebellion. John Winthrop, then leader of the Puritan colonies, felt leaders should be appointed on the basis of their qualifications. Thomas Hooker, however, believed that the freemen [the landholders--many signed on as indentured servants for a pre-determined time, in order to pay their passage to the new world, and after paying their debt they could be admitted as freemen, and own land also] should be able to vote for their leaders, thereby making the leaders accountable to the people and avoiding the possibility of tyranny. Hooker and Winthrop discussed this earnestly, and Hooker and his people left only after Winthrop’s blessing and agreement. They went, not to rebel, but to be an extension of the Puritans, to settle new lands to the west, and try out their new form of government, which was the predecessor to the democracy under which the United States now operates. They were also the beginning of the westward exodus, which would last until the country was populated all the way to the Pacific Ocean, more than 200 years later.

(This view of the Puritans comes from the book The Light and the Glory, by Peter Marshall and David Manual, and published by Revell. This book, and their second book, From Sea to Shining Sea, are about the spiritual history of America.)



First Generation—
We begin with two brothers:
Stephen Hart,
born about 1605 at Braintree, Essex, England; died in March 1682; age 77.
2. Edmund Hart,
he is supposed to have been one of the first settlers of Dorchester, MA, but later moved to Weymouth. His children were all girls, there were no boys to carry the name.


Second Generation—
Stephen Hart, born about 1605, in Braintree, Essex, England; died March 1682; age 77. In 1632 he came to America (Massachussets Bay Colony) with the company of Puritans that settled Braintree, MS. He was one of the 54 original settlers of Newtown (now Cambridge), MA, and was admitted as a freeman there on May 14, 1634. According to the chart, in 1634, he, with a Mr. Ford, founded the city of Hartford, Conn. However, I have read other ideas on the matter. He was a deacon of Rev. Thomas Hooker’s churches in both Cambridge and Hartford. He later moved his family to Farmington, CT. He and his wife were constituent members of the church there which was organized in 1652.
His second wife was Margaret, widow of Arthur Smith, she died 1693.
1. Sarah Hart,
born in England. Married (Nov. 20, 1644) Thomas Porter. He died 1697. Lived on the lot adjacent to Stephen.
2. Mary Hart,
born in England. Married John Lee. Lived on lot north of Stephen. Freeman by the General Court in 1654. He died in 1690. Second marriage, Jeddich Strong, died Jan. 5, 1692.
3. John Hart,
born in England, died 1666. Married Sarah. In 1660, was elected to a committee to examine Thirty Mile Island. In 1666 Indians fired the homestead, the entire family died in the fire except a son, John, who was not home at the time.
4. Steven Hart,
died about 1689, wife unknown. Had 7 children.
5. Mehitabel Hart,
married John Cole.
Thomas Hart,
Captain, born 1643; died Aug. 27, 1726, in Farmington, CT; 83 years old. Buried with military honors. Married Ruth Hawkins.



Third Generation—
Thomas Hart, born 1643; died Aug. 27, 1726; 83 years old. Married Ruth Hawkins, born Oct. 24, 1649; died Oct. 9, 1724; 75 years old. He was a captain, buried with military honors. Inherited one quarter of father’s farm. Made a freeman May 1644. Justice P. for Hartford County 1698 & 1701-06. In Oct. 1702, was appoointed to a committee to settle a line between Connecticut and Rhode Island. He and John Hooker were the two prominent men of the town and conspicuous in the colony. Deputy for Farmington for 13 periods between 1690-1706, speaker of General Court 1700, 1704-06. His estate comprised 2,000 acres.
1. Mary Hart,
born Dec. 5, 1666; died April 28, 1752; 86 years old. Married (Dec. 20, 1683) Samuel Newell, born 1660; died Feb. 15, 1753; 93 years old. They had 7 children.
2. Margaret Hart,
born at Farmington; died 1735. Married (June 11, 1689) Asahel Strong of Northampton, MA, died 1739. Rev. Cyprian Strong was a grandson.
Hawkins Hart,
born 1677, in Farmington; died March 24, 1735; 58 years old. Married Sarah Roys.
4. Thomas Hart,
born March 1680; died Jan. 29, 1773; 93 years old. Married (Dec. 17, 1702) Mary Thompson, died Oct. 1763. They had 7 children.
Second marriage (Jan. 11, 1764), widowed Elizabeth Norton (he was 84 years old, she 79 years old at the time!). He was Deacon of the church at Kensington, CT.
5. John Hart,
Rev., born April 12, 1682; died ?. Baptized April 23, 1682, entered Yale in 1702 at Saybrook, was the second person to graduate from there. Ordained Nov. 1707 in E. Guilford. Married (March 12, 1712) Rebecca Hubbard, died Sept. 29, 1715.
Second marriage (Aug. 12, 1717), Sarah Bull, died Feb. 4, 1719.
Third marriage (Dec. 6, 1720), Mary Hooker.
6. Hezekiah Hart,
of Kensington, died Sept 29, 1752. Married Martha Beckley of Wethersfield, born Oct.15, 1692; died Sept. 7, 1752; 60 years old. They had 9 children.
7. Josiah Hart,
Capt., baptized Dec. 6, 1686; died Jan. 28, 1758; 72 years old. Married Sarah Bull, born Nov. 5, 1684; died July 1, 1737; 53 years old.
Second marriage, Lois Goodwin.


Fourth Generation—
Hawkins Hart, born 1677, in Farmington; died March 24, 1735; 58 years old. Married (Sept. 7, 1701) Sarah Roys, born April 3, 1683; died Jan. 31, 1733; 40 years old. He represented Wallingford in the General Court of Sessions 1714-1732.
Second marriage, Mary Street, widowed daughter of Rev. Joseph Elliot.
Nathaniel Hart,
born June 19, 1702 in Farmington; died Oct. 2, 1750; 48 years old. Married Martha Lee.
2. Ruth Hart,
born Aug. 13, 1704, in Farmington. Married William Merriam of Lynn, MA, born Feb. 12, 1697; died Oct. 5, 1751; 54 years old.
Second marriage, Edward Parker, a deacon.
3. Infant Hart,
born Sept. 6, 1706; died Sept. 12, 1706; 6 days old.
4. Hawkins Hart,
born March 1, 1708, in Wellingford; died April 17, 1756; 48 years old. Moved to Southington. Married (Nov. 30, 1730) Susanna Merriam, his sister-in-law [see #2 above]. She died Feb. 23, 1737. They had 10 children in 6 years!
Second marriage (April 5, 1738), Esther Grindley, born March 17, 1706, in Farmington.
5. Sarah Hart,
born May 21, 1710, in Wellingford. Married (Oct. 16, 1730) Stephen Ives, born March 24, 1704. They had 3 daughters.
6. Esther Hart,
born Aug. 12, 1712; died 1806; 94 years old. Married John Webb.
7. Thomas Hart,
born Sept. 29, 1714 in Wellingford; died July 12, 1801; age 87. Married Hannah Coe, born April 1712; died Nov. 1783; 71 years old. They had 11 children.
Second marriage, Rachel Barnes.
8. Elizabeth Hart,
born 1716. Married (Nov. 13, 1738) William Jerome of Bristol, born Aug. 28, 1717; died June 1794, in Bristol; 77 years old.
9. Mary Hart,
born June 21, 1719. Married (July 1, 1741, in Farmington), Ebenezer Hawley, born Dec. 10, 1713; died March 3, 1769; 56 years old.
10. Benjamin Hart,
born Jan. 28, 1722; died 1745; 23 years old. Married (March 1744) Phoebe Rich. They had one child.
11. Samuel Hart, (son of Hawkin’s second wife)
born July 18, 1735; died Jan. 12, 1805; 71 years old. Married (Oct. 9, 1759 in Durham) Abridget Fowler, died Nov. 6, 1827.



Fifth Generation—
Nathaniel Hart, born June 19, 1702 in Farmington; died Oct. 2, 1750; 48 years old. Married (Dec. 21, 1727) Martha Lee, born Feb. 17, 1701 in Farmington; died 1760, 59 years old.
1. Nathaniel Hart,
born Sept. 5, 1729, in Wellingford; died 1810, in Goshen, CT; 80 years old. Married (Jan. 23, 1753) Alice Hall, born Sept. 8, 1731; died Sept. 9, 1775; 44 years old. They had 12 children.
2. Timothy Hart,
born Aug. 24, 1731. Married (May 6, 1751, in Wellingford) Phoebe Fenn, born Feb. 12, 1735.
3. Martha Hart,
born Jan. 11, 1733, in Wellingford. Married (1752) Joseph Curtis.
4. Hawkins Hart,
born Feb. 1736; died May 26, 1824, in Berkhamstead; 88 years old. Married (Feb. 12, 1761) Abigail Hall, born Aug. 15, 1727; died May 20, 1807, in Wellingford; 80 years old.
5. Ebenezer Hart,
born Aug. 21, 1739. Not married. He was a farmer.
Josiah Hart,
born Feb. 12, 1741, in Wellingford; died 1828; 87 years old. Married Lydia Moss.
7. Phoebe Hart,
born April 20, 1764. Married Mr. Preston.
8. Esther Hart,
married Mr. Curtiss.



Sixth Generation—
Josiah Hart, born Feb. 12, 1741, in Wellingford, CT; died 1828; 87 years old. Married (Feb. 10, 1765) Lydia Moss, born Feb. 22, 1741; died Dec. 25, 1809; 68 years old. Was first at Shelburne, later sailed up coast of N.S. and found Guysborough Harbor; he settled there on the Hollowell grant with the Atwaters. Had a jewelry store in Halifax.
1. Rama Hart,
born Jan. 26, 1766. Married Sarah Wood, born 1753 in Saybrook, CT. She came to Guysboro at the same time as the Harts and other Loyalists did.
2. Joseph Hart,
born July 21, 1767; died in infancy.
3. Jairus Hart,
born Feb. 17, 1769. Married (Dec. 1795) Frances Godfrey. They had 12 children.
4. Irad Hart,
born Jan. 2, 1771. Married Armenia Ingram, born 1788. They moved from Guysboro to Margaree, Cape Breton about 1909. They had 6 children. [Evelyn Harvie, now deceased, gave me this line of descent:]
Tyrus Hart,
born Jan. 13, 1773, in Wellingford, CT; died July 31, 1828; 55 years old. Married Martha Ingraham.
6. Panthia Hart,
born Jan. 10, 1775. Married Charles Myers.
7. Lydia Hart,
born April 19, 1777. Married William Simpson.
8. Lee Hart,
born Aug. 23, 1779; died Feb. 23, 1872; 93 years old. Married (March 7, 1803) Margaret Langille, died Feb. 22, 1872; 87 years old.
9. Ithiel Hart,
born Dec. 17, 1782; died Oct. 27, 1807, struck by lightning; 24 years old. Not married.


Senenth Generation—
Tyrus Hart, born Jan. 13, 1773, in Wellingford, CT; died July 31, 1828; 55 years old. Married Martha Ingram, sister of Armenia, who married brother Irad (#4 above). She was born 1782, died May 1826; 44 years old. The sisters’ father, Hezekiah Ingram, was also a Loyalist, born 1753, in Saybrook, CT. Their mother was Sarah Wood. Martha died in childbirth, with her 14th child. The story goes that Tyrus went to Guysboro that morning (they lived three miles away in Boylston) where he had opened a store and was building a house for the family to move into soon. When he left that morning, there was no sign of any problem. He came home by ferry that evening, and found Martha dead--there was no one to help deliver the child but a neighbor. The child lived, and was named Levi. This happened about the time Christopher Jost came to Guysboro from Halifax, and was becoming close to the family [9 years later he married Harriet, one of the daughters]. Tyrus asked Christopher to be Levi’s godfather. [see Reminscences of Christopher Jost] Tyrus died just two years after Martha did.
1. Joseph Hart,
born Sept. 28, 1801; died Jan. 30, 1890, in Guysboro, NS; 89 years old. Married (Jan. 31, 1826) Charlotte Anne Atwater, born March 12, 1803; died Feb. 18, 1883, 80 years old. They had 9 children.
2. William Hart,
born Jan. 11, 1803, in Manchester; died Nov. 4, 1884; 81 years old. Married (Nov. 3, 1831) Letitia A. Whitman, born 1806, died April 19, 1886. William learned of his mother’s death a day later, (he was out of town on business) and saw that Tyrus was grief-stricken. He went to Halifax for his bride, brought her back to the house he had ready for her, and took over much of Tyrus’ responsibility as head of the family.
3. Tyrus Hart,
born Dec. 20, 1804. Married Arabella McIntosh.
4. Martha Hart,
born Aug. 10, 1805; died July 2, 1878; 73 years old. Married (1830) Spinney Whitman.
5. Sarah Hart,
born Feb. 12, 1807; died June 7, 1869; 62 years old. Married (Jan. 27, 1835) M. W. Smith, a minister. Her grandchildren included Canada’s first Canadian-born Governor General, Vincent Massey [he served from 1952-1959]; and his brother, actor Raymond Massey [he played Dr. Gillespie in the old TV series, Dr. Kildare].
6. Jacob Hart,
a twin, born June 8, 1809.
7. Styles Hart,
a twin, born June 8, 1809; died Sept. 25, 1890; 81 years old. Married (1838) Mrs. Emmeline St. Clair Marshall, born April 23, 1819; died June 22, 1886; 67 years old.
8. Elizabeth Hart,
born Oct. 18, 1813; died Nov. 25, 1905; 92 years old. Married (1841) William G. Scott. A runaway horse upset her carriage, and she was lame, practically bedridden, the rest of her life. Clara says, "We called them Aunt Scott and Uncle Scott." Their granddaughter, Maude Sinclair, married Christopher Arnaud Jost [son of Burt, son of Christopher--see The Jost Family, Third Generation], they were second cousins.
9. Harriet Hart,
born Oct. 10, 1815; died Feb. 9, 1896; 80 years old. She was 11 years old when her mother died. In later years, Harriet told Clara Marr that she remembered, at nine years old, standing on a chair kneading bread for the whole family. They had to grow up quickly to help out and raise the younger ones. Married Christopher Jost.
10. Maria Hart,
born July 16, 1817; died Jan. 24, 1885; 68 years old. Married George Cunningham; died 1894. They moved to Los Angeles at the same time Christopher Francis Jost moved to Banning, CA.
11. Jairus Hart,
born March 31, 1819; died Dec. 1, 1906. Married Eliza Cook. A wealthy merchant in Halifax, had a large ornate brick home.
12. Reuben Hart,
born Aug. 10, 1821; died Jan. 29, 1907; 86 years old. Married Grace Cunningham. Also wealthy, and generous--helped out needs in Guysboro, especially the church.
13. Lavinia Hart,
born May 18, 1823; died Jan. 26, 1905; 82 years old. Married Abraham Whitman, born in Halifax, died 1894. He became a wealthy merchant in Canso, NS, where they lived. Like "B&G Jost" store, sent to Newfoundland for cod. They had five children:
14. Levi Hart,
born May 18, 1826; died Dec. 23, 1907; 81 years old. Christopher Jost was his godfather [see Reminiscences of Christopher Jost]. Married (Nov. 6, 1852) Jane Deborah Whitman, a descendant of Miles Standish, also of Princess Annette of Netherlands. She died March 15, 1897. Levi was a well-to-do merchant in Halifax, had a lovely home with grass tennis courts.



Eighth Generation—
Harriet Hart, born Oct. 10, 1815; died Feb 9, 1896; 80 years old. Married (1837) Christopher Jost, born July 22, 1805, in Halifax, NS; died March 28, 1884, in Guysboro; 79 years old.
[see The Jost Family, for their descendants.]

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•Chart: The Hart Family of Canada, compiled [in the 1950’s?] by Vernon C. P. Gaunt for Howard D. Hart, MD, of Saskatoon, Sask., from available material and records supplied by Miss Lillian M. D. Hart of Sackville, NB, both descended from Joseph Hart, brother of Harriet Hart, our grandmother.

•Dr. A. C. Jost, Guysborough: Sketches and Essays--the dates in his book conflicted frequently with those on the above chart. Since I used the chart first, I arbitrarily chose to keep those dates.

•Clara Jost Marr--[in her notes, she mentions that a John Hart had a son, Sir Eustace Hart, born in Stratford-on-Avon, England. And that Sir Eustace Hart married Joan Shakespeare, the sister of the William Shakespeare. Stephen Hart, who came to the USA was one of their grandsons. Unfortunately, I don’t know her source for that information. However, in one biography of Shakespeare, I find that Joan married a William Hart, a poor hatter. Their children are listed as Thomas, Mary, John and , but their grandchildren are not listed. So. . .which is right? I don’t know, but I think I’ll call the famous playwrite "Uncle Bill" from now on! Anyone else want to try to solve the "Hart Connection?"]

•The Light and the Glory, by Peter Marshall and David Manual. Published by Revell.

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Allan Jost's gedcom of our Jost family:

Guysborough County, Nova Scotia GenWeb Project:

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The Christian Counter

February 5, 2016
Polli Turner


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The Lord is righteous in all His ways, and kind in all His deeds!
The Lord is near to all who call on Him, to all who call on Him in truth!
Psalm 145:17&18 (NASB)